top of page

FAQ

The following links lead to scientific articles about the technologies used (multiple proofs):

MOLTEN SALT TECHNOLOGY:

 

THORIUM the MATERIAL:

 

ACCELERATOR DRIVEN REACTORS:

 

WAKEFIELD ACCELERATORS:

 

 

FUSION TECHNOLOGIES:

 

 

 

GENERAL INFORMATION on ENERGY in the WORLD:

 

 

 

Nuclear energy in the world

  • Can an atomic weapon be made with Thorium?

NO

 

Thorium is not a fissile material and so it cannot be used to produce atomic weapons.

 

Atomic weapons can only be built from uranium or plutonium that has been highly enriched to levels of 80% to 93% by very complex processes and machines.

 

  • Will it be economical to upgrade to NES and ADES technology?

 

YES

 

Emerald Horizon AG offers all of its products through the means of “contracting”. In the case of our photovoltaic systems contracting, the user does not pay for the acquisition costs but instead leases the system for electricity production. The user pays a contractually fixed price for the kWh produced, well below the market price. This system acquisition strategy ensures that all of our systems are economically advantageous and immediately useful.

 

We offer the same contracting system for NES and ADES technology.

 

Additionally, our production and consumer costs are kept low thanks to our cooperation with the investment company Qbasis Invest GmbH: the inherent system costs such as the production of modules and R&D are funded via the investment world, which makes our products easily economical.

 

There is a strong desire for small-scale energy production, but current solutions are highly uneconomical. For example, the production of microreactors is currently viewed as a questionable investment: if a reactor were to cost 100 euros to produce, with additional overhead costs of 150 euros, it would need to be sold for a minimum of 400 euros. The uneconomical nature of these costs severely limits the speed of the scaling effect, slowing down the move to series production or blocking it altogether.

 

With Emerald Horizon AG, these issues of profitability are solved through a range of smart solutions: our technology is designed for modular machine construction instead of large-scale plant construction, allowing for quick scaling to series production; we eliminate the cost of expensive raw materials as energy carriers and instead make use of the secondary raw material thorium; our systems operate via smart operation instead of producing extra service costs; our systems are highly efficient in energy production for and therefore reduce costs associated with applications such as hydrogen production, etc.​

 

  • If Thorium is so great, why isn’t this technology already in use?

 

This technology has been in use for decades!

  • The first thorium and liquid-salt power plant was developed [date] by Alvin M. Weinberg, director of ORNL (the Oak Ridge National Laboratory) in Tennessee USA. The power plant was in operation for 10,000 hours, including 6,000 hours under full load.

  • Bill Gates is building molten salt reactors with the company Terrapower. However, the systems they have developed are very large and expensive.

  • In 2022, the Chinese government began the development of an experimental Thorium reactor.

  • IAEA currently reports over 75 research projects for new nuclear energy 4.0, including projects considering Thorium as a possible energy source

 

Emerald Horizon AG has shown itself to be a pioneer in new energy technology and demonstrates, through its testing and development, that Thorium is a feasible and economic energy source.​

 

  • What about the problem of corrosion in molten salt reactors?

 

Corrosion is a problem of the past.

 

Corrosion was a problem for attempts at the technology in the 1960s and 70s, but it is not a problem for Emerald Horizon technology.

 

Corrosion was a struggle for molten-salt reactors attempted in the 60s and 70s, but today, there is a much wider range of corrosion-resistant building materials, such as high-alloy special steels or ceramics like silicon carbide. As an additional benefit, these new alloys and ceramics are easily crafted in any desired shape through 3D printing techniques: the ease and flexibility of part construction allow us to optimize functionalities such as flow and/or heat conduction.

 

As an added measure against corrosion, Emerald Horizon has studied the construction of fusion reactors and developed part dimensions and shapes that remove all corrosion-susceptible corners and edges.

 

As part of the prototype demonstration and final series production phase, further optimization steps will be carried out. Materials and shape optimizations will continue and the best results in function and process investigations will ultimately be adopted into the series product.

 

  • Why isn’t photovoltaic (PV) technology enough?

 

Emerald Horizon was the first to offer PV systems and modules as a contracting product in the megawatt range; this experience allows us, therefore, to intimately know the strengths and weaknesses of PV. We have determined PV is not enough on its own for some of the following reasons:

  • performance depends on the season, reaching its peak performance in the summer months only

  • energy storage is required to balance PV generation fluctuations

  • large installation areas are required and not always available

  • Reliance on PV technology can destabilize energy grids and increase the risk of blackouts

  • PV modules are sourced primarily through China

 

Due to the drawbacks, Emerald Horizon therefore only uses PV solutions as an energy supplement; providing PV solutions for existing roof areas or for agricultural applications (Agri-PV). 

 

Emerald Horizon is also working to improve the sustainability of PV technology through the development of "Refurbished PVs": our hope is to lessen the need to import further PV modules from China.

 

see „Energiewende ins Nichts“ (german only): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jm9h0MJ2swo

 

 

  • Will more nuclear power plants (NPP) be built to harvest nuclear waste?

 

No, new classical nuclear power plants are not required.

 

It is true that ADES can be operated with nuclear waste from classic nuclear power plants as fuel, but Thorium is the cheaper, more abundant, and more efficient energy source.

 

The purpose of the nuclear waste option is to make it possible for existing nuclear power plants to switch off their old reactors powered by raw uranium and instead recycle existing waste or, at the very least, reduce nuclear waste production.

 

Existing nuclear energy infrastructure would continue to be used, simply with the energy production outsourced to Emerald Horizon modules. Helpfully, existing fuel rods can be processed on-site and added to the liquid salt as a recycling product, largely eliminating the need for transport and final storage of nuclear waste.

 

The accumulated nuclear waste already on earth has the potential to provide the planet with 3000 years of electricity with constant power consumption.

 

There are plans to equip critical nuclear power plants in Austria's neighbouring countries with modules from Emerald Horizon AG, meaning dangerous atomic piles can be switched off, and later, even the existing waste can be recycled.

  • What is Emerald Horizon's position on classic nuclear power plants? ​

 

One of Emerald Horizon AG's greatest endeavors is that classic nuclear power plants are no longer needed and that the risk of catastrophes like Tschernobyl never happen again. Classic nuclear power plants shall be converted by using ADES modules. This means that the existing infrastructure on site can be used.

 

  • Does the operation of ADES modules produce uncontrollable nuclear waste?

 

No - the materials can be checked both in access, in operation and posthumously!

 

The system cycle begins using secondary raw materials: these materials are harvested by-products and residual material. Both thorium waste and nuclear waste are the primary materials that power the ADES.

 

The ability to harvest waste products for efficient power production lies in the extraordinary ADES process:


 

  • The half-life of residual material from nuclear power plants can be reduced by a factor of 100 to 1000, all by making use of energy that would otherwise need to be stored.

  • The degree of utilization for energy generation can be increased significantly (90%) and at the same time, the amount of waste can be reduced by the same factor.

 

  • Will the molten salt reactor be completed in time to save the climate, or will it be many decades before it can be used?

 

The question is valid, especially when one thinks of the development of a fusion reactor – which requires an operating temperature of an amazing 15,000,000°C – and, despite decades of development, has not delivered a single kWh net to date. A molten salt reactor, on the other hand, operates between 400°C and 900°C, and materials that can withstand this heat already exist.

 

Emerald Horizon AG has worked diligently to deliver these solutions with a clear timeline. Due to the immense time pressure, development steps have been parallelized.

 

There are four main components that can be developed and built in parallel:

  • The injector

  • The liquid salt ring

  • The housing with the classic turbines and hydrogen production

  • The digital twin as research and test support, from which the software for operation emerges

 

See Milestones

 

The Austrian economy is invited to participate in the development and production of the components: ideally, through in-kind benefits. In return, these companies can be involved in series production. Thanks to the contracting model, an enormous supply of orders can be expected.

 

How quickly the individual R&D points are processed now depends on personnel acquisition in addition to other resources. It is therefore in Austrian hands how quickly the goal is reached.

 

  • Who benefits from EmeraldHorizon AG?

 

 Ideally: everyone.


 

  • Institutes and facilities such as the Jozef Stefan Institute in Slovenia or the Graz University of Technology which conduct research and development

  • Production companies that make the four most important components ready for series production

  • Companies that need energy and are already investing in Emerald Horizon AG

  • The population can participate and thus benefit from the yield

  • The population benefits from the low electricity price

  • Stable power ensures grid stability and protects civil society from a blackout

  • The State of Austria

  • The federal states that have (and will) contribute to the R&D of the components

  • The environment due to the CO2 relief

  • Cancer patients due to advancements in technology (spin-off)

  • Landowners who help keep land and soil free from radioactive contamination

  • Investors who can invest large amounts of money in contracting: Green Investment

  • Multi Synergy Fund: In addition to other investments, this has also invested 7.5% of its assets in Emerald Horizon AG as part of a broadly diversified portfolio. This is an ideal risk/reward ratio. If ADES or even just NES works, this would lead to a significant price increase in the fund, from which investors will benefit.

 

Emerald Horizon AG is a stock corporation, so everyone who gets involved can benefit.

 

 

The biggest risk is doing nothing!

bottom of page